Further exploration of the world would soon reject this idea. Regional science comprises the body of knowledge in which the spatial dimension plays a fundamental role, such as regional economicsresource managementlocation theoryurban and regional planningtransport and communicationhuman geographypopulation distribution, landscape ecologyand environmental quality.
Over this time period, the study of geography has evolved and developed into an important form of human scholarship. Greek philosophers and scientist were also interested in learning about spatial nature of human and physical features found on the Earth.
He also discussed human geography and the planetary habitability of the Earth. It was left to John Harrison to solve it by inventing the chronometer H-4 inand later in for the International Meridian Conference to adopt by convention the Greenwich meridian as zero meridian.
Ethnography Geographic qualitative methods, or ethnographical research techniques, are used by human geographers. Regional geography Main article: Remotely sensed data may be analysed either independently of, or in conjunction with other digital data layers e.
Participant observation and in-depth interviews provide human geographers with qualitative data. He often combined astronomical readings and mathematical equations, in order to develop methods of pin-pointing locations by recording degrees Introduction of geography latitude and longitude.
In this volume, Varenius used direct observations and primary measurements to present some new ideas concerning geographic knowledge.
Strabo also suggested a definition of geography that is quite complementary to the way many human geographers define their discipline today. He extended the work of Hipparchususing a grid system on his maps and adopting a length of The French geographer Paul Vidal de la Blanche opposed this revolutionary idea.
Geographic information systems Main article: Roman military commanders and administrators used this information to guide the expansion of their Empire. Accordingly, zoology studies animals, botany examines plants, and geology involves the investigation of rocks.
Strabo claimed to have traveled widely and recorded what he had seen and experienced from a geographical perspective. Today, the academic traditions described by Pattison are still dominant fields of geographical investigation. In the West during the 20th century, the discipline of geography went through four major phases: Most of these voyages were financed because of the potential commercial returns from resource exploitation.
One of the first Greek geographers was Herodotus circa - BC. These voyages also added many significant contributions to geographic knowledge Figure 1a In the 17th century, Bernhardus Varenius published an important geographic reference titled Geographia generalis General Geography: A better definition of geography may be the study of natural and human constructed phenomena relative to a spatial dimension.
This field of knowledge is of course called history. Use the science of geography to assist in determining how to develop or not develop the land to meet particular criteria, such as safety, beauty, economic opportunities, the preservation of the built or natural heritage, and so on.
This early map of the world was constructed using map making techniques developed by Ptolemy. Regional geography Regional geography is concerned with the description of the unique characteristics of a particular region such as its natural or human elements.
Most of these studies used descriptive field methods to test research questions. This work is considered by many academics to be a milestone contribution to geographic scholarship. The study of systems larger than the Earth itself usually forms part of Astronomy or Cosmology.
Most individuals define geography as a field of study that deals with maps. There is some debate about who was the first person to assert that the Earth is spherical in shape, with the credit going either to Parmenides or Pythagoras.
Spatial Tradition - the investigation of the phenomena of geography from a strictly spatial perspective.
This period also saw the emergence of a number of societies interested in geographic issues.1. Introduction “Today Geography is an extremely diverse discipline covering several areas of study and involving researches with different backgrounds from all over the world (Algona & Marsh, )”.
Thus Geography is a discipline that has evolved through time. College courses in systematic geography include: physical geography, economic geography, cultural geography, political geography, etc. The introductory chapter of your textbook introduces you to some of these systematic issues.
geography (General Term) The study of the earth which includes the land, soil, elevation, climate, plant and animal life. Can determine how a group of people live. We’re committed to providing you with high-value course solutions backed by great service and a team that cares about your success.
The estimated amount of time this product will be on the market is based on a number of factors, including faculty input to instructional design and the prior. Introduction to Geography Introduction The main objective of this online textbook is to introduce students to the exciting field of knowledge known as physical geography.Download